Cleft lip and cleft palate
When tissues in the baby's face and mouth do not fuse properly, cleft lip and cleft palate develop. During the second and third months of pregnancy, the tissues that make up the lip and palate normally fuse together. However, in babies with cleft lip and palate, fusion may not occur or occurs only partially, leaving a hole (cleft).
It can be difficult to have a baby with a cleft lip or palate, but cleft lip and palate can be fixed. A series of procedures can usually restore normal function and a more normal appearance in most babies with minimum scarring.
Corrective surgeries for this condition are possible and quite affordable.
Cleft Lip Repair — within the first 3 to 6 months of age
Cleft Palate Repair — by the age of 12 months, or earlier if possible
Follow-Up Surgeries — between age 2 and late teen years
Amblyopia or Lazy Eyes
An imbalance in the muscles that position the eyes is the most prevalent cause of lazy eye. The eyes may turn toward or away from the nose as a result of the imbalance. This action stops the eyes from cooperating and may be the cause of a visual discrepancy. The following are some of the indications and symptoms of lazy eye:
An interior or outer wandering eye
Eyes that don't seem to operate together
Depth perception issues
Squinting or closing one's eyes
Tilting the head
Vision screening test findings that are abnormal
Treatment options are determined by the source of your child's lazy eye and the extent to which the issue is impacting his or her vision. Your doctor may advise you to:
Corrective eyewear - Glasses or contact lenses can correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism, all of which can cause lazy eye.
Patches on the weaker eye to stimulate and strengthen it.
Bangerter filter - This is a special filter that is placed on the stronger eye's eyeglass lens. The filter, like the eye patch, stimulates and strengthens the weaker eye.
Eye drops - A prescription eye drop that blurs vision in the stronger eye for a short period of time. This encourages the use of the weaker eye while also providing an option to wearing a patch.
Surgery - In addition to other lazy eye therapies, your doctor may propose surgical correction to straighten the eyes if the lazy eyes continue to cross or wander apart with the right glasses.